福音:基督教的信息是什么

十月 1, 2011

人的问题:内忧外患。

何为内忧? 人的劣根性,偏于自救。自救分两者。一者偏行己路,无法无天。二者靠一己之德,自以为得天独厚。

何为外患?上帝之忿怒,常在罪人身上。

如何解决?内忧之虞,自救不可得。需外援,外援乃耶稣基督被钉十字架,死后复活。他死偿还罪债。他复活赐下新生命。

寥寥数语,此乃基督教福音之概论。

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信仰正统、行为正统、情操正统 Orthodoxy Orthopraxy Orthopathy

三月 18, 2009

当我们谈及正统(Orthodoxy)的时候,我们往往只是强调思想层面的正确而忽略了行为和情操的正确性。我们信仰的先辈却并不如此,反而极为关切注意正确的信仰是否引导出正确的生命。我从Pyromaniacs博客里看到了这段著名清教徒(Puritan)约翰欧文的一段话。此话甚是醒人,与大家共勉之。以下乃小弟的翻译,若是想读英文版本,需要通过此链接

“…殷勤努力地将我们相信的,我们为之争辩的真理的大能在我们的心上常住,以至我们不是为观念而争辩,而是为我们在灵里有实际认识的而争辩。只有当我们的心是依照头脑所相信的教义的铸型打造时;当真理的凭据和必要性常住在我们里面;当不只是字意在我们脑中,而我们心里感受到字句所指向之物;当我们在为之所争辩的教义里面与神相交,我们才能够靠着神的恩典,在众人的攻击之下,站立得稳。而没有这一切,我们的争辩全是徒然无用。如果我心里完全没有他是与我立约的神的甜蜜,我虽力辩基督是神,那能使我更好吗?如果我因自己的不信而导致神的忿怒常在我身上,我也没有在他里面成为神的义的经验(那就是说,我在神面前并没有发现自己的地位,是已经将我的罪归算于他,将他的义归算于我,此甚美之事),我虽据理力争他偿还了我的罪债,那又与我何干呢?如果我并没有在经验中理解我灵里死亡;没有理解我无能行善,没有理解我低档神的律法;,没有理解此乃是我灵魂的本性;没有体验到神以极大的能力赐力给我,帮助让我领悟,在我里面结出顺服的果子的话, 就算我承认并力争神是借着圣灵不可拒绝的恩典使罪人归主,那又与我有何益处呢?让我们能够在受试探的时刻能够依然抓着真理不放的唯有在我们心里运行的真理的大能。所以,让我们不要以为我们因为能够争辩,就在福音伟大的教义上有更强的信念。除非我们发现这些真理的大能在我们的心上常住,也不断地在神面前的地位和与神的交通里面经验到这些真理的美妙性和必然性。”

翻了蛮辛苦的。请经过的弟兄姊妹点评一下。但是,我想,这是我们需要听到的。单单在我们头脑里面运转的念头,是不会使我们骄傲的心谦卑下来的。唯有当这些教义成为圣灵改变我们的器皿的时候,我们才会谦卑在神的面前。正统不只是在念头上而已。


极佳的福音单张

三月 6, 2009

尽在不言中

尽在不言中。

For English version, click here.

HT: Euangelion


钟马田牧师

八月 14, 2008

最近,为了准备一个在我教会的青年团契的分享,我重新阅读了由穆瑞(Iain Murray)著写的钟马田(Martyn Lloyd-Jones)牧师的传记《钟马田,头四十年》(Martyn Lloyd-Jones, the first forty years)。在数年之后,再次拿起此书,使我获益匪浅,有温故而知新的体会。只是不知这本传记是否有中文翻译没有?若是你知道,能够通知我,是一件美事。

不认识钟马田的朋友,或许不知道,他曾被誉为二十世纪最伟大的讲道者。他致力于释经讲道,曾用了将近13年的时间逐章逐节地传讲罗马书的信息。对于我个人来说,从他身上学习的,不只是单单正统的神学而已。而是他如何将正统的信仰与热忱的敬虔揉合进入他的生命当中。在钟马田退休后,曾在美国的西敏神学院(Westminster Seminary)发表了一系列的讲课, 名为《讲道与讲道者》(Preaching and Preachers)。在第一堂讲课时,他就宣告说,“讲道乃现今是教会最大的需要。“。如果我们去询问,当今教会最大的需要是什么的时候,教会里头可能许多人的答案并非如此。辅导、门徒训练、家庭讲座、小组聚会、团契聚会等等已经逐渐从次要的地位升到首要的地位了。面对如此的情况,相信钟马田牧师会毫无疑问地指出,这样只是本末倒置而已。只有满有圣灵恩膏,合乎圣经的讲道,才能真正使教会成长。就如神起初用话语使无变有,造了诸世界一样,神今天建立教会,种植教会,也是通过他的话语。我们需要祷告,寻求神,使传讲他话语的仆人,再次兴起。


Gospel and its implications

十二月 13, 2007

Mark Dever wrote a rather provocative and intriguing post on his 9marks ministry blog – Church Matters. The central statement is as follow:

THESIS: It is very important to [mentally] divorce the gospel from its implications and entailments. [Do NOT divorce these in your life and practice–that is James 2 hypocrisy!]

Specifically, he mentions a God-Man-Christ-Response(abbv. GMCR) presentation of the gospel i.e. God is holy; Man is sinful; Christ died on the cross to pay the price of our sins; Man needs to repent and put their faith in Christ to be saved. However, there is another way to look at the gospel: Creation-Fall-Redemption-Restoration(abbv. CFRR) i.e. God created the world good; The world fell through sin; Christ redemptive work on the Cross to reconcile the world; God will restore the world by bringing in the new heavens and the new earth. It seems quite clearly from Mark Dever’s post that he is favouring and insisting on the primacy of the GMCR presentation(by calling it the Gospel).

My thoughts:

1. We usually end up using some combination of GMCR and CFRR in the end e.g. we are not able to explain the present state of the world without referring back to the Fall event. Furthermore, the CFRR approach is a healthy corrective to the perception that Christianity is only concerned with spiritual salvation. The coming of the new heavens and the new earth shows clearly that God’s redemptive purpose is wholesome and complete and not compartmentalized. Furthermore, the CFRR provides a great backgroud to understanding GMCR especially for biblically illiterate people. It should be noted that the GMCR approach already assumes a lot of Christian worldview to begin with.

2. However, it is very tempting (for myself included) to talk about CFRR all day long without ever getting near GMCR. (hence the discomfort Mark Dever spoke of). In the GMCR approach, we have to speak of God’s wrath, judgement etc. We have to speak of sin in a personal way. (There is a version of CFRR which speaks of sin and evil in a structural, societal, systematic way that never gets personal) God is angry at sin not only in a general way. His wrath is personal, it remains on those who rejects the Son (John 3:36)

3. Related to point 2, the advocates of CFRR are usually not good at majoring on penal substitutionary atonement. Christ’s death is portrayed as a paradoxical victory over the forces of evil and darkness(the Christus Victor model) but not as a propitiatory sacrifice to turn away the wrath of the God. But this is a false either/or. We are not compelled by scripture to choose one over the other, rather, we are to embrace both as being taught in scriptures. On the other hand, it is not merely a matter of balance, a mere matter of proportion e.g. giving both perspective equal time. To cut to the chase, the perspective on the Cross as victory over the forces of evil and darkness is based on penal substition. Paul puts them together in Col 2:14-15 “…by canceling the record of debt that stood against us with its legal demands. This he set aside, nailing it to the cross. He disarmed the rulers and authorities and put them to open shame, by triumphing over them in him.” It is by cancelling the record of debt, it is by dealing with our personal sin on the cross, that Christ gave us victory over the forces of darkness. It would take me more words to be clearer on my thoughts on this. But these are some reflections as I have it now.


罗马书11章36节 Romans 11:36

十二月 10, 2007

My good friend for many years, Tan Huai Tze, has started a new blog. The name of the blog is Romans 11:36, and indeed we pray that all things would be to God’s glory. His initial post has drawn our attention to the emerging(a loaded word, heh heh) gospel-centred movement in America, initiated by Don Carson, Tim Keller, Mark Dever and the likes.

我多年的好友陈怀志,开始了一个新的博客(英文)。他的博客的命名是取自于罗马书11章36节。点击此处即可看见。他的第一张帖 “归回福音的中心”(Returning to the gospel centre)已经蕴藏看见。其中有一段尤为醒人,是引用D.A.Carson的话:

“Many see the Gospel as a narrow set of teachings about Jesus’ Death and Resurrection that if rightly believed, “tip” people into the Kingdom of God. After that the real training, life transformation, discipleship and maturity take place. In summary, the Gospel is treated as the door into the Kingdom of God.

However, the emphasis of the Bible, is that the Gospel is the all embracing category that holds much of the whole bible together. The Gospel takes Christians from lost-ness, condemnation, alienation from God all the way through conversion and discipleship to the consummation, resurrection bodies and the new heavens and the new earth.

“许多人视福音为一套极为狭窄的教导,是关于耶稣的死和复活,且正确相信此教导者则能越过神的国的门槛。在此之后,真正的训练,生命的改变,门徒的建造,灵明的成熟方才开始。总而言之,福音只不过是进入神国的门

然而,圣经所强调的,就是福音乃是一个贯穿支撑全本圣经的项目。福音全程带领着基督徒,从失丧、定罪、与神隔绝,经过信主、做主门徒直到万事的了结,身体复活,并且进入新天新地。”

这种思想,若是正确的,是符合圣经的话,是非常具有革命性的。 因为我们通常的惯性思维是以为福音是初级课程,而深奥的神学,艰难的属灵操练才是真正的基督徒的生命。然而,如果福音不只是带我们进门的师傅,而是一直伴随着我们的良师益友,那我们的生命应当是如何的呢?我想,这是我们每个人都有多家学习之处。

Such thinking, if true and biblical, is revolutionary indeed. Our habitual thinking usually assumes the gospel to be the introductory level material and deep theology and arduous spiritual disciplines the real substance of the Christian life. However, if the gospel is not merely ABCs but A-Z (to quote Tim Keller), how does that affect our lives and daily walk? This, I think, is a place where there’s lots of room for everyone to learn.


Quotes: What’s the greatest fact in the universe? 引文:宇宙间最大的事实?

十二月 6, 2007

据说倪柝声去世之后,有人在他的枕头底下找到了张字条, 上面写着说

“基督是神的儿子,为人赎罪而死,三日复活,这是宇宙间最大的事实。我信基督而死。倪柝声。”

宇宙间最大的事实?是否言过其实,稍微夸张了点?两千年前的保罗写给哥林多教会时,也写了这句话:

“我從前領受了又傳交給你們那最要緊的,就是基督照著聖經所記的,

為我們的罪死了,又埋葬了,又照著聖經所記的,第三天復活了;”

无论你对倪柝声的神学有何看法,我觉得他和保罗的灵是一致的。 什么是最大的事实?什么是最紧要的?他们在此是相通的。

It was said that when Watchman Nee passed away, somebody found this written on a small slip of paper under his pillow:

“Christ is the Son of God who died for man to pay for sins and resurrected on the third day.

This is the greatest fact in the whole universe. I died because I believed in Christ. Watchman Nee”

Is it too much of an exagerration to say that the death and resurrectio of Jesus Christ is the greatest fact in the world? How about what Paul wrote to the Corinthians 2000 years ago:

“For I delivered to you as of first importance what I also received:

that Christ died for our sins in accordance with the Scriptures, that he was buried,

that he was raised(I) on the third day(J) in accordance with the Scriptures…”

Whatever one might say about the theology of Watchman Nee. He was of one Spirit with Paul in this. What is the greatest fact in the whole of universe? What is of first importance?